In the second week of August, we bring you news of an existing arthritis drug could help a third of diabetes patients, delaying the progress of the disease for many years. There’s also news about understanding the causes of migraines; remote treatment for COVID-19 recovery; research updates on Huntington’s; rheumatoid arthritis, IBD; and insect-borne infectious diseases.

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Hope for Patients with Type 1 Diabetes After Medical Breakthrough

Hope for Patients with Type 1 Diabetes After Medical Breakthrough

Tens of thousands of people with type 1 diabetes could live longer and more comfortable lives after scientists discovered that an existing treatment for rheumatoid arthritis can delay progression of the disease by years. The drug works by preserving the ability of the pancreas to produce insulin – the gradual loss of which lies at the center of the disease, often leading to heart disease, kidney problems and other complications in the longer term that can shorten a patient’s lifespan by 20 years or more.

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Listen to Your Migraine to Help You Feel Better – and to Learn About Yourself

Listen to Your Migraine to Help You Feel Better – and to Learn About Yourself

Headaches are telling you something about how your brain works with your body, influencing your behavior and feelings. Pain is a protective process, notifying the body of a problem. If you slam a door on your hand, it’s going to hurt. You will have damaged the soft tissue - all the muscles and ligaments that help you move your fingers. It will no doubt swell up to twice its size. This inflammation is part of the healing process. Your hand feels hot and looks red because of all the extra blood flow. All these inflammatory agents that are acting to heal you are stimulating the pain receptors in your hand, the ones in your skin and your muscles. Your head is not so different except, crucially, the underlying cause can be much more subtle and varied.

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Innovating Healthcare with Remote Treatment for COVID-19 Recovery

Innovating Healthcare with Remote Treatment for COVID-19 Recovery

A new project is looking at the best ways to deliver remote treatment for people with long-term physical conditions, and those recovering from COVID-19. As a result of the pandemic and reduced access to face-to-face appointments, there has been a significant drop in the number of face-to-face assessments being carried out, and in the delivery of hands-on rehabilitation, leading many patients to be treated remotely. A one-year project, led by the UK’s Plymouth University is seeking to address these issues through the creation of a toolkit and training package for current and future clinicians.

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Enzyme Identified Which Could Provide a Novel Therapeutic Approach to Huntington’s

Enzyme Identified Which Could Provide a Novel Therapeutic Approach to Huntington’s

Huntington’s disease is an autosomal dominant disease and a progressive and aggressively debilitating brain disorder that causes uncontrolled movements, psychological problems, and loss of cognition. It is caused by a mutation in the gene that encodes the protein huntingtin, causing it to build an abnormally long tail of the amino acid glutamine. This tail prevents huntingtin from folding properly and as a result it aggregates inside neurons of the brain, and eventually kills them. Researchers at the Brain Mind Institute of the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) say they have identified an enzyme that can open the door to developing a new route of treatment for Huntington’s Disease.

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Citrus Flavoring is Weaponized Against Insect-Borne Diseases

Citrus Flavoring is Weaponized Against Insect-Borne Diseases

Adding a new weapon to the fight against insect-borne illnesses like Lyme disease and malaria, the Environmental Protection Agency this week approved a new chemical that both repels and kills ticks and mosquitoes. The chemical, nootkatone, an oil found in cedar trees and grapefruits, is so safe that it is used by the food and perfume industries.

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Novel Cell may Warn of Rheumatoid Arthritis Flare-Up

Novel Cell may Warn of Rheumatoid Arthritis Flare-Up

Scientists have identified a previously unknown cell that is present in significant quantities in a person’s blood before they experience a flare-up of rheumatoid arthritis. These findings could lead to better predictions of rheumatoid arthritis flare-ups, as well as possible therapies to target the causes of the condition.

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Novel Cell may Warn of Rheumatoid Arthritis Flare-Up

Novel Cell may Warn of Rheumatoid Arthritis Flare-Up

Scientists have identified a previously unknown cell that is present in significant quantities in a person’s blood before they experience a flare-up of rheumatoid arthritis. These findings could lead to better predictions of rheumatoid arthritis flare-ups, as well as possible therapies to target the causes of the condition.

Read more

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